Keeping in view the high risk of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV) during Hajj season and extensive movement of sacrificial animals ahead of Eid-ul-Azha the National Institute of Health (NIH) has issued advisories regarding MERS CoV and CCHF for the prevention and control of the diseases.
The National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad, has also issued its 45th Seasonal Awareness and Alert Letter (SAAL) for epidemic-prone infectious diseases in Pakistan.
The main purpose of SAAL is to alert all concerned health authorities and professionals at all levels and to facilitate them for timely and efficient response to the outbreaks/ epidemics. This letter is developed for summer / Monsoon season from July to September, 2019.
In this letter, NIH exhibited patterns of high priority communicable diseases including Cholera, Chikungunya, CCHF, Dengue, Leishmaniasis, Measles, Polio and Typhoid Fever. These diseases are predicted to be on high alert during said season. It also contains detailed introduction of diseases, case definitions, and infectious agents, modes of transmission, case management and prevention.
Through this letter, NIH also informed about national and international public health events like Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Naegleria fowleri and Heat Stroke as national while Ebola Virus Disease, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV) and Nipah Virus considered as International events during spring season.
NIH also advised the federal, provincial and district health departments as well as other stakeholders to take keep a continuous watch on the anticipated seasonal public health threats and taking of all preventive and curative measures in this context.
To facilitate the stakeholders, the requisite technical guidelines and awareness material regarding infectious diseases along with Seasonal Awareness Alert Letter (SAAL) and Pollen Advisory are also available at the NIH website: www.nih.org.pk.